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Mechanical Engineering

Department of Engineering

No matter the challenge, BIT Alumni will be able to evaluate the feasibility of a project from a business and from an engineering point of view. The bachelor program in mechanical engineering, with a focus on Resources & Mining or Agriculture, at BIT shapes engineers of tomorrow and opens a world of opportunities.

An important subject in Burkina

Mechanical engineers work at the forefront of practical technological evolution. The bachelor’s program has a modular structure and allows students to choose a specialization, thus enabling them to acquire sound application-related skills. The specializations give students the opportunity to deepen their individual interests in the field of mechanical engineering, while still ensuring that they can be employed in a variety of industries.

State-of-the-art education

The program provides students access to a wide range of cutting-edge learning materials from German and American universities. Especially for high-tech courses like mining, we rely on international experts. The syllabus is taught in small classes in a state-of-the-art campus and excellent, international tutors. Throughout each semester, students have the possibility to work in teams on different practical courses where they can apply their knowledge to maximize their learning experience.

Focus on entrepreneurship and real life application

This bachelor enables students to develop the mindset of entrepreneurs. The students’ practical knowledge will be complemented by business skills, giving students an ideal foundation for today’s engineering world. The bachelor’s degree lets students choose between a concentration in Resources & Mining or Agriculture, which constitute the backbone of Burkina Faso’s economy. Mandatory team projects strengthen students’ problem-solving, interpersonal, and communication capabilities. Additionally, students will learn time and resource management, while assessing risks involved in business projects.

Excellent employment opportunities

Given the nature of the program, there are numerous different occupations for future BIT Alumni. Future career paths may include the mining industry, agriculture, and other enterprises. We envision our students leveraging their skill sets to unlock job potentials in many areas of Burkina Faso’s industrializing economy and having an impact on the developing economy.

Cutting-edge learning materials, small classes and practical projects challenge students to grow as individuals. During the six semesters, our students gain diverse business and engineering skills and are trained to be future African leaders.

Module
Mathematics 1

Students who have successfully completed this course will be able to:

  • Know how important mathematics is for engineering and programming.
  • Know the benefits of mathematics for the operation of electrical and electronic equipment.

Have a firm basis to understand, study, and apply mathematical concepts in e.g. mechanical engineering

Physics & Chemistry

Students should learn the basics of physics & chemistry especially with regard to the application of physical phenomena and laws (e.g. optics in connection with machines and microsystems technology). Furthermore, the fundamentals for the measurements of non-electrical quantities are to be laid. In chemistry the basics for synthetic material theory will be laid.

Production Processes

The graduates have gained an overview of the most important forming, shaping and cutting manufacturing processes and are able to carry out basic calculations relevant to practice by dealing with concrete examples and practical experiences in the laboratory & school garage. Building on this knowledge, they are able to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of the different processes for a concrete manufacturing task not only on the basis of technological, but also economic and environmental aspects. Based on this knowledge, they are able to select the appropriate manufacturing process for a workpiece and to justify their decisions in the production environment with arguments. In addition, the students were taught the necessary skills to include the processes of manufacturing technology in the design of products and, if necessary, to question them critically. Furthermore, the basics of 3D printing will be covered in this course. Solution orientation is promoted above all by the fact that in the exercises practical production questions must be deferred and solved by the students

Mechanics I - Statics

After successful participation in the module event, the students are able:
• To understand the basics of statics, kinematics, and kinetics.

Thermodynamics I

After successful participation in the module event, the students are able to understand the basic concepts of thermodynamics and different thermodynamic laws

Business English

At the end of this course:

  • Be able to manipulate vocabulary in the workplace and English grammar more easily;
  • Be able to debate/write in English;
  • Be able to conduct efficient searches on Google;
  • Be able to hear and understand speeches in English;
  • Have entrepreneurial thinking and leadership behavior

Credits

6 Credits

6 Credits

6 Credits

3 Credits

3 Credits

6 Credits

Module
Mathematics II

The students have a deeper understanding of the mathematical terms, structural contexts, ways of thinking and methods required for application in electrical engineering. They are able to solve more complex practical mathematical-technical problems analytically and numerically with the help of suitable software tools and to critically evaluate this solution. Students learn the importance of the condition of a problem and the stability of a numerical algorithm. They are able to select and apply a suitable numerical solution method for the basic problems occurring in practice and to critically assess the results with regard to possible errors.

Introduction to Electrical Engineering

After successful participation in the module event, the students are able:

  • to understand the physical and electrotechnical basic quantities and terms for the description of electrical circuits and to apply them in the analysis and evaluation of concrete circuits,
  • to understand the principle of the equivalent circuit diagram for the analysis of electronic circuits and to apply it to concrete cases,

to analyze and evaluate linear electrical networks with direct current excitation by means of network theory

Principles of Engineering Design

The course serves to learn the basics of design with a focus on the functionally clear specification and communication of the component design as well as the learning of a modern open-source 3D-CAD system.

The students can:

  • transfer spatial facts into the two-dimensional drawing plane
  • Read and create technical drawings in accordance with standards,
  • correctly and clearly specify basic functional requirements (e.g. fits, surfaces, edges) in technical drawings
  • Create axonometric freehand drawings of components,
  • abstract technical sketch (e.g. construction skeleton).

The learning objectives mentioned are worked out on the basis of various concrete technical products.

  • The students understand the fundamental importance of Design to X, are able to apply selected principles in simple examples (e.g. production-, assembly-, material- and corrosion-oriented design), and understand the system-technical relationships of a product and the development process behind it.
  • The students learn the efficient use of a modern 3D-CAD system and can
  • Apply basic functions (point, line, KOS, layers, etc.),
  • model sketch-based 3D bodies (turned and milled parts),
  • derive standard production drawings of individual parts

The class is followed by an engineering design project in the following semester

Mechanics II – Kinetics & Kinematics

The central learning objective is to understand the relationship between forces and movements in rigid body systems. Students should be able to solve kinetic problems in systems of rigid bodies independently. This includes on the one hand the free cutting of the individual rigid bodies, the formulation of the law of gravity and the law of twist, the recognition of kinematic relationships in coupled movements, and the time integration of the equations of motion. On the other hand, the students should master balancing with the help of the law of work and energy as an alternative solution. A further goal is the derivation and solution of the oscillation differential equation of the damped single-mass oscillator

Thermodynamics II – “Heat transfer”

This module provides the methodological and technical qualifications for the thermodynamic analysis of technical systems. Building on knowledge gained in basic modules, the basic knowledge of the behavior of liquid and gaseous substances, their changes of state, and the associated energy conversion processes is acquired.

The students

  • have a good command of the technical language of thermodynamics,
  • can make appropriate simplifications for analysis and apply the basic principles of law,
  • can perform the calculation with simple material behavior,
  • know and understand the essential mechanisms of heat transfer and can apply them in calculations.
Microsoft Office Workshop

After completing this course, participants will have experience working with various Microsoft Office applications – Word, PowerPoint, Outlook and Excel. Special emphasis is placed on mastering Excel by building a solid understanding of the basics of Microsoft Excel, learning the most common Excel functions, utilizing the full power of Microsoft Excel by automating tasks via macros and VBA, maintaining large amounts of Excel data in a list or table, and creating dynamic reports by mastering one of the most popular tools, PivotTables. Finally, they must demonstrate their team and presentation skills by preparing a PowerPoint in a group of 4-5 people that will be presented to the class for 20 minutes.

Project Management

Students are able to implement context-oriented work techniques and project organization forms. In addition, they are able to analyze project situations with the substantial factors of the project evaluation to remind different organization models and to use suitable learning, communication, and work strategies in order to successfully accomplish complicated and complex projects.

Credits

6 Credits

4 Credits

6 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits

3 Credits

3 Credits

Module
Introduction to Computer Science / Introduction to Programming + C

Students who have successfully completed this course will be able to

  • Part one:
    • Knowledge of basic computer terminology
    • Know the different types of computers and their components
  • Part two:
    • Understanding and using information numbering and coding systems
    • Knowledge of the basic functions and design methods of digital systems
  • Part three:
    • Understanding the architecture and operation of computers
    • Recognition of the different hardware components of a microcomputer
    • Know how to read the specifications provided on a microcomputer and the performance criteria of computers.
  • Part four:
    • Installation, administration, and maintenance of an operating system
    • Share resources on a network.
  • Part five:
    • Understanding the basic topologies of computer networks
    • Understand communication systems and the operating principle of network devices.
    • Mastery of the basic principles of network administration
    • Creating and managing files and user and computer accounts
  • Understanding the basics of programming
  • Programming an application in C language
  • Understanding and managing memory with c-language
Engineering Materials

On the basis of essential basic knowledge of materials technology, material groups, individual materials and processes for the variation of properties are presented as examples. The graduates are able to characterize the suitability and limits of materials for different applications

Plastics Technology

Upon course completion students should possess:
An overview of the chemical fundamentals of polymer chemistry; knowledge of methods for characterizing plastics, in particular, the thermoviscoelastic behavior and the behavior in the melt (thermoplastics and thermosets); ability to design plastic parts and to select the suitable manufacturing process using selected examples (relationship between material, mechanics, design, number of units and costs).

Engineering design project

Over the course of the semester, the students shall work together in teams and apply the principles of engineering design to design a simple mechanical system. The design should contain all relevant dimensions, drawings, CAD visualizations, bills of materials etc.

Mechanics III - Mechanics of materials

The student understands the principles of mechanics of bodies on static and elastic bodies.
The students should be able to solve elastostatic problems on systems of beams and bars independently. This includes the formulation of equilibrium conditions or the calculation of internal forces, the inclusion of deformation equations (e.g. in the form of the bending differential equation), for statically indeterminate systems the formulation of compatibility conditions, and finally the consideration of boundary conditions. The central learning objective is the understanding of the interrelationship between external loads of a system and the resulting internal loads as well as the deformations. Furthermore, the prerequisites, idealizations, as well as the limits of the applicability of the elementary bar and beam theory, should be firmly anchored in the students’ consciousness.

Machine elements I

The graduates know the structure of basic machine elements and can select and dimension them appropriately according to the application. Building on their knowledge of technical mechanics and materials technology, graduates are able to demonstrate their ability to design machine elements. For this purpose, they have knowledge of the basic requirements of relevant regulations. The graduates are informed about the state of research in individual aspects (use of machine elements in hoisting gear applications).

The graduates have practiced the appropriate application of their knowledge in practice-relevant tasks and have dealt with extrapolation to task variants. New situations are recognized and can be dealt with in the general state of the art. An essential part of this exercise is the procurement of information based on the understanding of the task and the developed solution approach.

The graduates have knowledge of how to classify the contents, especially with regard to the aspects of competence, responsibility, and safety.

Accounting and Finance

Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to read and understand financial statements and assess how business performance is affected by four basic profitability factors: Asset management, cost management, leverage management, and tax management. It will also help you to identify improvement potentials.
Further intended learning outcomes of this course are: (1) Students will be able to remember and understand the basic concepts of operational cost accounting systems; (2) they will be able to analyze accounting problems; (3) they will be able to apply the newly acquired knowledge to solve these problems.

Credits
6 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits

3 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits

Module
Machine dynamics

Students are able to model and linearize dynamic vibrating systems with one or more degrees of freedom using analytical methods. They can analyze free and forced oscillations of dynamic systems. They have the ability to apply modal analysis for the investigation of the dynamic behavior of mechanical systems. You can assess unbalance phenomena and master the most important methods of balancing rotors.

Fluid mechanics

Students can explain the differences between different forms of flow; they know the forms of energy of fluids and can determine forces caused by resting and moving fluids by working out relevant parameters and fundamental laws theoretically and experimentally, classifying and understanding the interrelationships and applying them step by step using examples in order to acquire initial basic competences in solving fluid mechanical tasks.

Machine elements II

The graduates know the structure of continuative machine elements and can select these suitably according to the application. Building on their knowledge of technical mechanics and materials technology, graduates are able to demonstrate their ability to use machine elements. For this purpose, they have knowledge of the basic requirements of regulations. The graduates are informed about the state of research in individual aspects (torque limiting clutches).

The graduates have practiced the appropriate application of their knowledge in practice-relevant tasks and have dealt with extrapolation to task variants. New situations are recognized and can be dealt with in the general state of the art. An essential part of this exercise is the procurement of information based on the understanding of the task and the developed solution approach.

The graduates are informed about the state of research in individual aspects (clutches and brakes).

The graduates have knowledge of how to classify the contents, especially with regard to the aspects of competence, responsibility, and safety

Measurement technology & signal processing

The students understand the process of measuring, the handling of measurement errors, as well as the common measurement procedures in plants, energy, and mechanical systems. They are able to select and apply suitable measurement methods for the determination of measurement variables. They are able to use computer-aided measurement technology and to name and explain the basic terms of signal processing. 
In the field of control engineering, students are able to analyze a plant from a control engineering perspective and – based on these investigations – to design and commission a stable and optimized control system. For this purpose, the students understand the means of describing control engineering tasks, characteristic curves, variables and behavior of control loop elements, properties and behavior of continuous and discontinuous controllers, control loops, and their steady-state and dynamic behavior.

Introduction to specialization
  1. Introduction to Montanist sciences
    1. Introduction into geology
    2. Introduction into extractive technologies
    3. Introduction into extractive systems
  2. Fundamentals of agricultural engineering
    1. Tasks and significance of agricultural engineering and the “agricultural engineering industry
    2. Basic design and range of application of essential lead machines
    3. Agricultural transport, agricultural machinery in road transport
    4. Technical planning and alignment of selected agricultural work chains 
Entrepreneurship - “Opportunities & Venture Creation in Burkina Faso”

The course provides an introduction to the theory and practice of entrepreneurship. In lectures, students learn about theoretical approaches to entrepreneurship and important topics such as entrepreneurial decision-making and psychology, the recognition of opportunities, entrepreneurial financing, and strategy. After attending the course, students will be able to understand the processes involved in identifying and developing business opportunities. In addition, they are able to develop an opportunity assessment plan.

Management & Strategy
Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

6 Credits

3 Credits

3 Credits

3 Credits

Modules for Resources & Mining 

Internship

The goal of the internship is to allow the students to get their first practical experiences in their respective specialization and significantly improve their employment options upon completion of their studies. Alternatively, student teams can opt to develop their own prototype and according to the business plan.

The students train the skills to familiarize themselves with the construction of plants, test benches, and technical test facilities in order to be able to analyze and evaluate functional processes.

Materials handling equipment & systems

The graduates are familiar with the main designs of materials handling equipment and systems. They are able to fundamentally design devices and systems according to the requirements.

Building on their knowledge of technical mechanics, materials technology, and machine elements and, in particular, conveyor components, graduates will be able to plan and prove their ability to plan and prove components and trades of conveyor equipment and systems.

For this purpose, they have the fundamental knowledge of the requirements concerning product safety and occupational safety The graduates have practiced the appropriate application of their knowledge in practice-relevant tasks. The tasks focus on the area of crane systems (discontinuous conveyors) and belt conveyors (continuous conveyors) but are not limited to this.

The graduates have dealt with the state of the art of research in individual aspects (safety-related hoist applications).

The graduates have knowledge about the classification of conveyor technology tasks, especially considering the aspects of competence, responsibility, safety, times, and costs

Maintenance & equipment

Every engineered product degrades with age and usage and can fail. When a failure occurs, the severity of the consequences can be very significant – leading to safety, environmental, operational, or economic consequences. Reliability and maintenance engineering deal with failure prevention and function preservation during the design and operation phases of the product life cycle. This course is designed to provide the participants, with the fundamental concepts, principles, and process knowledge of reliability and maintenance engineering and management, to allow them to participate in maintenance program development and surveillance analysis. After completion of the course, the participants will be able to model and analyze the reliability of a product, perform a basic risk analysis, determine maintenance requirements of a product, and estimate associated maintenance intervals and costs. In addition, the participants will be familiar with the basics of the human factor in operation and maintenance engineering.

Principles of Geo-technology & mining machinery

The students learn the essential topics of geotechnics and the tasks associated with them. They have developed an understanding of geotechnical engineering and geotechnical problems and are able to work in a team and lead it responsibly. A special focus is put on the abrasiveness and mechanical stability of geological materials in a machine system.

Innovation & Ethics

At the end of the module, the students will read and apply models and concepts on the market aspects of innovation (e.g. forms of technology acquisition) and on the organization of the innovation process (e.g. promoters and champions in the innovation process) and find out how they can be used concretely in companies.

Credits

12 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits

Modules for Agriculture

Internship

The goal of the internship is to allow the students to get their first practical experiences in their respective specialization and significantly improve their employment options upon completion of their studies. Alternatively, student teams can opt to develop their own prototype and according to the business plan.

The students train the skills to familiarize themselves with the construction of plants, test benches, and technical test facilities in order to be able to analyze and evaluate functional processes.

Hydraulics & Pneumatics

Students can name the essential components of hydraulic and pneumatic systems and describe how they work. They are able to select typical hydraulic fluids on the basis of their properties with regard to their use in agricultural engineering.

For the design of hydraulic components, students can calculate the operating parameters on the basis of basic fluid-mechanical considerations and design or select hydraulic components accordingly.

They can describe the function of hydraulic and pneumatic components (e.g. pumps, valves, and drives) and are able to design hydraulic circuit diagrams according to given requirements.

They can name the differences between hydraulic and pneumatic systems and can evaluate pneumatic circuits with regard to their mode of operation or can work out solutions to technical problems in the selection, calculation, and design of hydraulic and pneumatic assemblies.

The implementation of the acquired skills is carried out in an exercise supported by simulation software for fluid systems. Students use it to design hydraulic circuits that meet the requirements, select the necessary hydraulic components, create the hydraulic circuit diagram and validate the functionality by evaluating the state variables of the simulation results (pressure, volume flow, force, torque).

Soil science and agricultural production engineering

The students can identify important soil types and their characteristic potentials as well as determine internationally typical, widely distributed soil types, differentiate location characteristics of soils, evaluate the special function of the soil as a plant location and roadway by

  • name the soil components, assign the soil body and explain the factors of soil formation,
  • derive the water balance of the soil theoretically and determine it practically
  • Indicate factors influencing soil pollution, analyze soil pollution and compaction and trafficability,
  • classify agricultural techniques for soil conservation in arable farming,
  • know the different requirements of agricultural crops and assess the importance of sensible crop rotations, 
  • discuss the importance of environmental management concepts in a comparative manner in order to be able to later highlight technical demands on the process chains, to compare running gear and soil pollution in an evaluative manner, and to assess process chains with regard to soil pollution
Agricultural machinery

The students are able to define the basics of equipment and procedures for soil cultivation, sowing, fertilization and plant protection and to implement them technologically by 

  • explain the state of the art, determine the overall function and mechanisms of action of the machines and transfer them into sub-functions (function chains) and use them to develop technical design options for the sub-functions/assemblies, ¬
  • classify and evaluate real machines and further designs according to technical and economic criteria and make decisions for further development on the basis of a well-founded selection, ¬
  • Summarize and explain the contents of essential regulations and describe test methods, ¬

in order to meet the requirements for the worldwide applicability of agricultural machinery

Innovation & Ethics

At the end of the module, the students will read and apply models and concepts on the market aspects of innovation (e.g. forms of technology acquisition) and on the organization of the innovation process (e.g. promoters and champions in the innovation process) and find out how they can be used concretely in companies.

Credits

12 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits

Modules for Resources & Mining

Thesis/Project/Business plan

With the successful completion of the bachelor thesis, students demonstrate their ability to independently solve a given practice-oriented problem from the field of mechanical engineering within a given period of time using scientific and practical methods. In doing so, they show that they are able to act competently in a typical situation of everyday engineering life. 

The colloquium serves to determine whether the candidate is capable of verbally presenting and independently justifying the results of the bachelor thesis, its technical foundations, its interdisciplinary connections, and its extra-subject references and to assess their significance for practice.

Surface Mining

The graduate should know the basics of extractive techniques above ground. The graduate should be familiar with the basics of open-pit mining as well as the basics of excavation engineering.

Mineral processing machinery

The students are enabled to understand and deepen the processes of the preparation technology with the help of the process basics, to use and develop the corresponding equipment and to use it for process modelling.

Extraction technology

The student should a basic understanding of extractives technology. Especially blasting and drilling technologies will be dealt with in this course of this subject.

Marketing & Sales

At the end of the module, students will be able to do the following

  1. remember and understand the key terms used in marketing
  2. explain common marketing theories and frameworks
  3. describe and justify the use of both marketing strategies and instruments of the marketing mix
  4. associate strategies and the use of tools with core marketing concepts such as customer lifetime value, segmentation, targeting and positioning, decision styles, customer perceived value, satisfaction and loyalty, and branding.
Credits

12 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits

Modules for Agriculture

Thesis/Project/Business plan

With the successful completion of the bachelor thesis, students demonstrate their ability to independently solve a given practice-oriented problem from the field of mechanical engineering within a given period of time using scientific and practical methods. In doing so, they show that they are able to act competently in a typical situation of everyday engineering life. 

The colloquium serves to determine whether the candidate is capable of verbally presenting and independently justifying the results of the bachelor thesis, its technical foundations, its interdisciplinary connections, and its extra-subject references and to assess their significance for practice.

Crop farming, fertilization & pest protection

The students are familiar with the essential equipment for soil cultivation and sowing. They are able to attach, adjust, use and adapt them to different operating conditions. Students are able to assess the quality of work of equipment and machines for soil cultivation and sowing and know the effects of the quality of work on the soil ecosystem.

Technologies along the food value chain

The student should gain an understanding of mechanical engineering applications along the food value chain. By gaining more in-depth insights into machinery along the agricultural value chain the student will develop new ideas for entrepreneurial activities as well as improving his possibilities for employment upon graduation.

Agricultural markets

The graduate should:

  • Understand global agricultural markets
  • Be able to determine supply and demand based on own research
  • Determine regional market potentials for agricultural products
Marketing & Sales

At the end of the module, students will be able to do the following

  1. remember and understand the key terms used in marketing
  2. explain common marketing theories and frameworks
  3. describe and justify the use of both marketing strategies and instruments of the marketing mix
  4. associate strategies and the use of tools with core marketing concepts such as customer lifetime value, segmentation, targeting and positioning, decision styles, customer perceived value, satisfaction and loyalty, and branding.
Credits

12 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

5 Credits

3 Credits